Autoclaves operate on the principle of high-pressure steam to eliminate bacteria, viruses, fungi, and other microorganisms effectively. In the laboratory setting, where maintaining aseptic conditions is critical, autoclaves play a vital role in preventing contamination and ensuring reliable experimental results. Autoclaves provide a highly efficient and time-effective method of sterilization, achieving rapid results compared to other sterilization techniques. They can handle a wide range of materials, from glassware and metal instruments to culture media and waste, making them versatile for different laboratory needs. Lastly, autoclaves offer a cost-effective and eco-friendly solution, as they use steam as a sterilizing agent, avoiding the need for chemical-based methods that can be harmful to the environment.